Bed Stuy Do or Die: My Mother’s Safe Haven
“This is the neighborhood,” she said. I can hear her voice as we pass a horizontal fence with modern font where the house address is, silver sconces and a brightly colored door to make up for the newly renovated house. I hear her deep (negative) sigh as we pass another unrecognizable neighborhood. These are Wilton […]

Bed Stuy Do or Die: My Mother's Safe Haven

“This is the neighborhood,” she said. I can hear her voice as we pass a horizontal fence with modern font where the house address is, silver sconces and a brightly colored door to make up for the newly renovated house. I hear her deep (negative) sigh as we pass another unrecognizable neighborhood. These are Wilton Manors, Fort Lauderdale and Dania Beach. We haven't been in South Florida for so long and we can see the wild changes happening in these towns which in some cases feel like they lack character, and by character I want say, the people who made them what they are.

What happened to people?

There's a town about 20 minutes west called Weston and when I have to go I wonder where all the people are and why I only see bushes and gated communities. Where are the children? Where is the diversity?

You want to compare him to his home, my birthplace, but the sad truth is New York has changed too. I don't know if everything is bad. In fact, New York will always have a joie de vivre (I married a French speaker and now I love my American like a grown apple pie !!) that is unmatched, but if you are from New York or have lived there for a long time , you wouldn't recognize most of it.

People are also fighting in New York. Damn! I love this. I like that people don't care at all about your feelings if it's about what's fair and equitable and they define those terms. I love Florida, but I feel like people's feelings are hurt by a little protest and stick to your guns. Nothing like meeting with someone who can go through with the system to make sure that what is fair and just is made manifest.

Anywho, NY is different though. My mother was born in Bedford-Stuyvesant, affectionately called BedStuy in a brown stone like most people of the time. She lived with her parents and two siblings on Macdonough Street. They moved to Queens while she was still in elementary school, but they were returning every week to visit friends and family. My grandfather (their father) always had a Lincoln, at least as far as I know. They were going back to Brooklyn to go to church too. A beautiful old church called Bethany. I can imagine the dark wood, the balcony and the organ in the church.

I returned to New York for a few years in my twenties. Mom and Dad often came to visit him. You could see the gentrification unfolding before your eyes. It lacked an ingrained respect for the poor, the working class and the middle class. There was a feeling that unless you had disposable income, the neighborhoods you grew up in were disposable, too. My mother and I returned a few years after moving to Florida and went near her old brown stone in BedStuy on Macdonough Street and the beautiful house that housed her family and so many families related to me before her time was over. divided into apartments most people could not afford to live.

I recognize the beauty of change. I am scared. I know that we are yearning for something new, "pretty" and fresh. I know we live in a capitalist world and when this is done consciously I subscribe to it ... literally and figuratively, but there is something so disconnected about driving by houses once occupied by our grand- parents, our mothers and fathers, our babysitters and our performers cannot afford.

In 2014, “gentrification” turned 50. This site has been found HERE gives a timeline of its history, but it also describes a rather heartbreaking account of the development of "change". Who we are if we are not deeply connected to each other and what do we do if we remove the ability to connect to their neighbor just because modern house address numbers and silver sconces are not only unaffordable , but also a whitewashed version of yesteryear.

We had a South Florida Housing Authority as a client in 2017 - 2018. Partly they go out of their way to make the deep connection that is the neighborhood and yet the systems that allow gentrification to happen don't really take take into account the diversity of the poor. , working class and middle class. The job we do at TII is to build communities and engage different groups to have conversations about issues that matter, not to vilify real estate developers, but to ask all of the people who haven't. the same access as the others and / or choose a path that removes the options for them to live in areas that work for them.

Well, here's the neighborhood.

📸 | Mattia Insolera "Goodbye Bed Stuy" Gallery. Check out the rest of his photos and stories with the link.


Sexual health is fundamental to the overall health and well-being of individuals, couples and families, and to the social and economic development of communities and countries. Sexual health, when viewed affirmatively, requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. The ability of men and women to achieve sexual health and well-being depends on their :

Sexual health-related issues are wide-ranging, and encompass sexual orientation and gender identity, sexual expression, relationships, and pleasure. They also include negative consequences or conditions such as : infections with human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ), sexually transmitted infections ( STIs ) and reproductive tract infections ( RTIs ) and their adverse outcomes ( such as cancer and infertility ) ;unintended pregnancy and abortion;sexual dysfunction;sexual violence; andharmful practices ( such as female genital mutilation, FGM ).

No matter where you are coming from, WE ARE HERE to help bring Sexual Health into a more positive and empowering place. A place where hopefully you can learn the sexual health information you would like, see or speak to a professional in the field whether on the Sex Sense Line or at one of our many clinics throughout BC, and come away knowing that sexual health is a natural part of being human.

Options for Sexual Health champions and celebrates sexual health including an individual’s freedom of sexual expression, the diversity of human sexuality, and a positive sexual self-image for individuals throughout life. Think about what factors influence your sexual health ? What messages have you been given about sexual health from… ( if applicable ) ….. your family ? friends ? society ? culture ? religion ? spirituality ? What are some of your own values and beliefs ?

How we experience our sexual health is also part of how we experience the world. For example, there are many factors that health researchers have identified that can effet our health including sexual health. These are known as the ‘social determinants of health’ and include how health is affected by income, education, employment, childhood development, food, housing, health services, gender, race, disability, Indigenous status, social marginalization, and social services. If someone’s gender identity/identities are not recognized this can effet their sexual health and experiences of social marginalization. Another example is if someone is a newcomer to Canada and may not speak the language or have the health care card that will allow them to access the sexual health services they need. As you can see, our sexual health is as individual and complicated as the various dynamics of our lives. Human sexuality rarely falls into neat categories or lends itself to simple labeling, but rather is a rich and complex area of human experience. Sexual health is personal, psychological, relational, cultural, spiritual, physical, and emotional. So what does “sexual health” mean to you ?

This supplemental provenant of Public Health Reports ( PHR ) presents a variety of articles addressing the technique and practical applications of sexual health, an important health promotion concept with the potential for improving population health in a broad range of areas related to sexual behavior, including human immunodeficiency malware ( HIV ) /acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS ), sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs ), viral hepatitis, teen and unintended pregnancy, and sexual violence. The focus of these articles is especially timely given the population burden of these conditions in the United States and other nations, and the growing recognition that, despite the sensitive nature of the topic, addressing the broad construct of sexual health can enhance the national dialogue in this area and increase the effectiveness of public health programs

The concept of sexual health has evolved since its principal articulation by the World Health Organization ( WHO ) in 1975, 5 but it has generally emphasized well-being across a range of life domains ( e. g., physical, mental, and emotional ) rather than simply the absence of disease or other adverse outcomes. 6 The definition of sexual health currently in most widespread use is that developed by WHO in 2002 :

Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, esprit, and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction, or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination, and violence

Sexual health is a state of well-being in relation to sexuality across the life span that involves physical, emotional, esprit, social, and spiritual dimensions. Sexual health is an intrinsic element of human health and is based on a positive, equitable, and respectful approach to sexuality, relationships, and duplication, that is free of coercion, fear, discrimination, stigma, shame, and violence. It includes : the ability to understand the benefits, risks, and responsibilities of sexual behavior; the prevention and care of disease and other adverse outcomes; and the possibility of fulfilling sexual relationships. Sexual health is impacted by socioeconomic and cultural contexts—including policies, practices, and services—that support healthy outcomes for individuals, families, and their communities.

Similar to the WHO definition, this newer definition is health-focused, emphasizing well-being related to sexuality that is beyond the absence of specific health problems, in multiple dimensions of life, as well as positive and respectful approaches to sexuality and relationships. Moving beyond the WHO definition, the CHAC definition also specifically emphasizes attributes of sexual health at both the individual level ( e. g., individual understanding of benefits, risks and responsibilities, and prevention and care of health outcomes ) and the social level ( e. g., impact by socioeconomic and cultural contexts and saine outcomes for families and communities as well as individuals ).

In the past decade, there has been increasing attention to the importance of addressing the concept of sexual health, 1–4 with the premise that promotion of sexual health has great potential to complement traditional disease control and prevention exercices for a range of conditions of public health importance—not with the intent of replacing those exercices, but rather of improving their acceptance and, thus, the effet of those prevention exercices on the population. It is from this perspective that this supplemental provenant of PHR has been developed, with the purpose of bringing together a range of articles addressing new insights into research, surveillance, program practice, and broader perspectives that can influence our understanding and progress on the broad topic of sexual health. It should be noted that “sexual health” is a concept undergoing evolution, not only in its definition, but also in its practical application. The term generally includes a focus on health and wellness rather than disease, an appreciation for the intrinsic importance of sexual health as part of overall health, and an attempt to address comprehensively a range of outcomes of public health importance; however, some of the articles in this supplement address a relatively narrower focus ( e. g., STD and pregnancy prevention9–11 ), while others include a broader spectrum. 12–17 Such variety is a necessary and important aspect of the uptake of the sexual health concept into the science and practice of public health.

Four articles address important research questions in key areas relevant to sexual health. First, Penman-Aguilar and colleagues conducted a detailed literature review to assess the effet of socioeconomic disadvantage on teen childbearing. neuf While the factors evaluated varied by study, the authors discovered a consistent theme across the review, with all studies that considered socioeconomic factors as determinants finding a significant association with teen birth rates, including factors at the family level ( e. g., lower levels of parent education and family income ) and the community level ( e. g., lower per capita income and higher rates of unemployment and racial segregation ). The review found that relatively few studies assessed factors at both the family and community levels, an important priority for future research.

Second, using nationally representative data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth and the U. S Census Bureau, Biello et al. conducted an in-depth analysis of the effet of various dimensions of residential racial segregation on the risk for early initiation of intercourse—an important risk factor for STD and teen pregnancy—among black and white ados. 17 The finding that black youth were more likely than their white peers to have initiated sexual intercourse in adolescence was significantly modified by several measures of segregation ( e. g., concentration and unevenness ) with a particularly notable black-white disparity in highly segregated areas. While preliminary, these findings contribute to our growing understanding of the complex interplay between social determinants and individual sexual health outcomes and should stimulate further research in this area.

Third, to understand the association of relationship characteristics and attitudes about STD and pregnancy outcomes with the use of dual protection strategies ( i. e., both highly effective contraception and condoms ), Crittenden Murray and colleagues conducted formative research among young African American women attending reproductive health clinics. 10 The study found a tension from trying to balance the desire to establish and maintain intimate relationships with the use of protection strategies ( e. g., condom use could be seen as a sign of mistrust ). The authors conclude that a more holistic approach, with a focus on saine adolescent and young adult relationships, is crucial in interventions to prevent STD and unintended pregnancy, an venant that can be especially important in environments where trust is often violated ( e. g., due to frequent concurrent partnerships ) and childbearing at younger ages is accepted.

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