Why should you measure?
The compression socks you choose should be the right fit for you to maximize treatment success. Most manufacturers offer compression socks in a variety of sizes, so it's pretty easy for most people to find suitable sizes. Custom socks may be required if the sizes available are too small or too large for you or if a compression level of 50mm Hg or more is required.
Who should measure and when?
It is advisable to have the measurements carried out by a qualified healthcare professional. However, it may be necessary for you to determine your height yourself if you want to buy your compression garments online or if you need to adjust the size of your current pair after losing or gaining weight. Measurements should be taken early in the morning when the leg is at its smallest size.
How to measure?
While simple measurements of height, height and weight can determine the dimensions of lightweight compression socks, most compression garments require measurement of the circumference of the leg at specific points. It is advisable to use a tape measure to take the measurements. A chain and a ruler may also suffice. Use the string to measure and the ruler to determine specific lengths in centimeters.
Step 1: Mark the leg at each circumferential point (ankle, calf and thigh) with a non-permanent, non-toxic marker.
2nd step: Measure the length of the leg from the floor at each marked circumference point and write the measurements down on a sheet of paper.
Step 3: Find the narrowest point of your ankle, measure the circumference, and write it down as “ankle measurement”.
Step 4: Find the fullest part of your calf, measure it, and write it down as "calf measurement". You may need to measure the lower, middle, and upper parts of your calf to find the fullest part of your calf.
Step 5: Take off any shoes or sandals you are wearing and measure the full length of the leg from the floor to the area just below your knee flexion. It is essential that you measure your leg length accurately, as compression socks that are too long or too short can be uncomfortable and ineffective. Write the measurement of your leg down and mark it as “length measurement”. If you need knee-high compression socks, you no longer need to take any further measurements. You can now compare your measurements to an appropriate size chart and determine which size compression sock is best for you.
Step 6: If you need thigh high compression garments, you will need to measure your thigh circumference and your entire leg length. Follow the instructions above from steps one through four. After step four, measure your thigh circumference by finding the widest part of your thigh, usually the area just under your buttocks, and measure its circumference. Note its length under the “thigh circumference” label.
Step 7: Measure the length of your leg from the floor to the top of your thigh. Note the measurement on your sheet of paper. Compare these measurements with an appropriate size chart to determine which compression stocking size is best for you.
Who shouldn't wear compression socks?
People whose legs are severely deformed or whose legs are so unusual that they cannot be measured.
Patients with severe peripheral neuropathy or other cases of nervous and sensory disturbances.
Patients with suspected or known allergies to certain fabrics used to make compression socks. Patients with severe allergic reactions to the materials may develop skin dermatitis and blisters on contact with the compression socks. However, it may be possible to change the material of your compression socks.
Patients with suspected or diagnosed peripheral artery disease or those who have had surgery involving peripheral arterial bypass surgery. Using compression therapy on the legs with impaired arterial flow could increase the severity of ischemia.
People who have recently had a skin transplant, people with fragile and overly sensitive skin, people who have infected skin tissue with bacteria that cause gangrene, people with oozing skin or who have cellulitis or severe dermatitis .
You should consult your doctor before you start using compression garments. Taking this crucial step will ensure that compression therapy is safe for you and will not worsen any pre-existing conditions.
What complications are associated with wearing compression socks?
Compression socks are incredibly safe to use with a relatively low rate of complications / side effects. However, improperly worn compression socks can lead to serious complications and make your discomfort worse. For more information on how to wear your compression socks to avoid complications, see our next article. Excessive or poorly distributed pressure can cause skin damage, especially in the elderly and malnourished and in patients with fragile skin. You need to buy compression socks with the correct measurements, as ill-fitting socks are incredibly uncomfortable and can lead to tissue necrosis. Virtually all of the complications resulting from using compression socks can be avoided if you purchase the correct size socks and follow the proper procedure for wearing them. If you experience any discomfort when wearing compression socks, consider having your measurements taken again by a trained professional. You may also consider upgrading to a lower compression level or switching to a different material.
When should you contact your doctor?
If you develop a severe allergic reaction to the material of your compression socks or experience tingling, numbness, pain, leg swelling, skin damage, redness or oozing when wearing your compression socks, contact your doctor / nurse immediately.
Deciding to stop wearing your compression socks
It is quite easy to stop wearing compression socks if they were not prescribed as part of a therapeutic intervention in a clinical condition. However, if your doctor has specifically prescribed compression therapy for you, you should consult with them before deciding to stop wearing your compression socks. Many of the factors that lead to non-compliance such as; discomfort, excessive heat, skin irritation, cost and appearance can be resolved by changing the material of the stocking or lowering the compression level. However, if you are concerned that the purchase of compression socks is too expensive, get a prescription from your doctor. Your insurance may cover the purchase if you have a prescription. On the other hand, if you are concerned about the appearance of compression socks, it may be helpful to discuss your doctor's reasons for prescribing the compression socks with them. There might be alternative forms of treatment available to you.
Nowadays, many people are choosing to wear compression stockings. They are affordable, easy to access and help to fight off unpleasant symptoms of illness. These specialized elastic socks are designed to offer comfort to the wearer by applying pressure to the legs, allowing better blood circulation throughout the body.
However, those who wear compression stockings know that getting them on can be challenging. The good news is, there are easier ways to don your stockings and move forward with your day. ComproGear has put together a gamme of tips and tricks to help you simplify your compression sock routine.
Before we go over how to put compression socks on, we’ll take a look at the basics : What are compression socks ? How do they work ? And what do compression hose have to offer you ?
Compression stockings are a unique type of therapeutic wear that helps to improve blood circulation in the body. These socks and stockings are often used to reduce pain or swelling in the legs.
Compression stockings can also lower your risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis ( DVT ) by exerting pressure on your legs as you wear them. This gentle pressure assists with blood flow from the legs and back to the heart, preventing the clotting and pooling of blood.
You will find compression stockings in a range of sizes and pressure levels. When shopping for your compression socks, note that mmHg is used for denoting the pressure exerted by compression stockings. A higher mmHg indicates a higher amount of pressure being applied to the legs by the compression sock. For example, 30mmHg is a higher pressure outil than 15mmHg.
For those who do not have a medical diagnosis, using compression socks with a mild pressure rating will suffice. A low pressure rating can help you deal with tired legs and mild swelling.
A compression sock should offer a “snug” fit but shouldn’t be excessively tight. Before you make a purchase, take a look over the sizing chart to get an idea about which size would fit you best.
Medical grade compression socks are generally tighter in the ankle portion of the sock and gradually become less tight towards the knee. This type of compression is called graduated compression. TED socks and many varieties of compression garments use graduated compression.
You can purchase compression socks from medical equipment stores or ComproGear. If you need compression hose for medical reasons, your doctor will prescribe the right compression according to your needs and will help you order the convenable size. Prices will vary according to the type of compression sock and its brand.
Those who suffer from medical conditions related to poor circulation can benefit from wearing compression stockings : Anyone recovering from varicose vein surgery. Athletes who are recovering from an injury or who are training extensively. Those who are at risk of developing Deep Vein Thrombosis ( DVT ), varicose veins, edema or leg ulcers. Those who spend a lot of time travelling or sitting such as pilots, frequent fliers, truck drivers, etc.
It’s a great idea to put your compression hosiery on first thing in the morning before any swelling occurs from the day’s activities. This will allow the stockings to slide on with greater ease. Alternatively, you may lay down and rest your legs on an elevated pillow for about 15 minutes to reduce swelling before donning your socks.
Your legs should also be clean and dry. Dry off completely after bathing and if it is a particularly humid day, sprinkling talc or cornstarch across the legs can help the fabric of the socks slide on smoothly.
to pull on your compression stockings with ease, place just your toes into the stocking’s toe area. The rest of the sock will be bunched up around the toes as you do this. Gradually unravel the sock upwards towards your knee. Do not crouch on the floor or bend over while standing, as this will make it difficult to pull your compression hose on. It is best to sit in a peau while donning your socks.
Wrinkled stockings are difficult to wear. Creases in the material can apply démesurée pressure to the skin beneath them, causing discomfort or cutting off circulation. Be sure to smooth out any creases in the fabric once your socks are on. This will ensure you’re getting the optimum pressure outil from your stockings. Do not fold over the top of your compression hose as this can interrupt blood flow.
If you wear open-toe compression stockings then this trick is for you. Slip a plastic bag over your foot and heel. The plastic bag’s slippery surface will help your compression hose slip onto your leg with ease. Once your sock or stocking is on, carefully pull out the large plastic bag through the open-toe of your stocking. You can also try using a silk foot slip to help you put on your compression socks. It works in much the same way as the plastic bag trick. All you need to do is to place your foot into the silk foot slip then sweat your pressure sock over it and onto your leg, just as you would with a regular sock.
An effective method for donning compression stockings without the hassle is to use talcum powder or cornstarch. Sprinkle some across your ankles and legs before pulling your socks on. These silky powders allow close-fitting compression garments to slide over the skin easily. Talcum powder can also help absorb excess moisture on the skin.
Applying lotion and creams to the legs will make it difficult to put your stockings on. Moisturized skin tends to stick to or grab the fabric of the socks as you attempt to sweat them on. One solution to this problem is to apply lotion before going to bed rather than in the morning. This allows enough time for the cream to absorb into your skin, leaving it smooth enough in the morning for the compression socks to slide on easily.
There are several donning tools available commercially that can help if you’re struggling to get your compression stockings on. You can purchase these tools at medical equipment or online stores. The prices will vary according to the brand. Popular donning devices include Medi Butler, Juzo Slippie Gator and Sigvaris Doff n’ Donner. These tools are ideal for elderly people or anyone with a mobility provenant that has difficulty putting on compression stockings.
Donning gloves are a great tool to help you firmly grasp your stockings without tearing them. It can be quite difficult to grab and sweat the stocking fabric with your bare hands. This is where gloves can come to the rescue. Various brands manufacture gloves that can be worn while donning compression stockings. These gloves also protect the stocking fabric, especially if you are concerned about your nails tearing the hosiery.