Office ergonomics are an important part of maintaining your health. Work-related injuries – especially repetitive strain injuries – are a leading cause of medical leave. It’s important to adjust the workspace to your needs. For most people, best practices will center around the monitor as it is the focal point of most office workers’ health. But don’t ignore desks and chairs. Luckily, we have a complete list of solutions for all three parts of your work station.
Read our complete guide to office ergonomics below for better health and more productive work. You can also visit our workplace solutions page for further insights into creating productive workspaces.
Did you know that, statistically, nearly one-third of all time taken off from work is due to injuries stemming from poor office ergonomics?
In fact, office work can actually affect your body in more damaging ways than many physically demanding tasks. After a long day at the office, have you ever felt a stiff neck, sore shoulders, or back pain? This is due to poor office ergonomics.
Research has shown that sitting for extended periods of time is actually doing harm to your spine, shoulders, back, and neck. Knowing this, it should come as no surprise that a majority of the discomfort you feel after a long workday is actually stemming from the design of your workspace.
Moreover, when your workspace isn’t designed with office ergonomic features in mind, bodily discomfort can be felt even stronger. Here is the complete guide to help you to understand the dangers of poor office ergonomics and to set up a healthy office ergonomic environment.
What Does Office Ergonomics Actually Mean?
Ergonomics (from the Greek word ergon meaning work and nomoi meaning natural laws), is, in essence, the study of designing equipment, devices, and processes that fit the human body. The two terms “human factors” and “ergonomics” are essentially synonymous. Ergonomics takes all human factors into consideration, including height, weight, sight, feel, etc.
Proper ergonomic design is necessary to prevent repetitive strain injuries and other musculoskeletal disorders, which can develop over time and can lead to long-term disability.
Ergonomic design is often factored into office products, hence the name office ergonomics. These products can include desks, chairs, keyboards, computer monitors, and everything else in between. One example of products designed with office ergonomics in mind is ViewSonic’s Office Ergonomic Monitor collection which has been designed specifically for the purpose of providing office monitors that improve comfort at work and reduce work-related injuries.
Ergonomically designing these types of products is particularly beneficial because a large number of people use them for extended periods of time every day. Using poorly designed or poorly positioned products in the office for extended periods of time can place unnecessary strain on the body.
Common Injuries as a Result of Poor Office Ergonomics
Musculoskeletal injuries and vision problems are common injuries resulting from poor office ergonomics. Your workers can get injured when their bodies are required to adapt to tasks that overextend their body’s physical limitations. According to the Washington State Office Ergonomic Research, the single largest class of injury claims in the office is Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSD’s). WMSD’s account for over 40% of workers’ compensation claims among office workers. These injuries are costing State Fund employers over $12 million per year in medical and time loss costs and are responsible for over 70,000 lost workdays per year.
WMSD’s account f or over 40% of workers’ compensation claims among office workers
Due to the nature and severity of WMSD’s, they account for a lion’s share of injury costs – about 60% of total claim costs. WMSD’s are prolonged injuries that may become worse over time and therefore become costlier when compared to sudden injuries, such as a slip and fall. This also means that it can take a long time to get an employee back to work, resulting in even higher medical and time loss costs.
In addition, there can be higher hidden costs when workers use more sick leave or slow their work pace during the period before a claim is filed when WMSD symptoms begin to develop.
Why Are Injuries Occurring?
Technology has come a long way to improve our work lives and change the way we interact with others and our office environment. Nowadays, everything on your work desk, including your computer monitor, laptop, keyboard, etc. all plays an integral part in your work life.
While these helpful advancements in technology have definitely improved our work lives, they are also placing unnecessary strain on our bodies at the same time.
Some companies have started to adapt to today’s working environment by making a shift to more dynamic workspaces, such as huddle spaces. As a result, however, people are beginning to develop unhealthy postures that are negatively impacting their health without them even knowing it!
Advancements in technology are a double-edged sword that makes our jobs easier, while at the same time creating problems for companies and employees alike that hadn’t existed before.
About Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders
The Washington State Department of Labor and Industries has stated that soft tissue injuries in the body caused by WMSD’s include:
- Blood vessels
Pain in the fingers, wrists, or other parts of the body. Pain can range from dull aching pain to sharp stabbing pain and even a burning sensation
Tingling or numbness, particularly in the hands or fingers
Swelling, inflammation, or joint stiffness
Loss of muscle function or weakness
Discomfort or pain in the shoulders, neck, or upper/lower back
Extremities turning white or feeling unusually cold
Muscle tightness, cramping, or discomfort
Clumsiness or loss of coordination
Range of motion loss
Discomfort when making certain movements
Benefits of Healthy Office Ergonomics
In addition to creating a safer and healthier work environment, office ergonomics can also deliver the following benefits:
Improvements in the quality of work produced
Boosted morale among employees
A reduction in employee turnover
More focus and concentration at work
How to Optimize Your Workspace for Healthy Office Ergonomics
The first step in implementing office ergonomics is to analyze the work environment you will be aiming to improve. What type of work is done there? What is the physical landscape like? Analyzing where potential problems may lie and applying the appropriate office ergonomic procedures should be your goal during this phase.
In most cases, only small changes will be needed to improve your office ergonomics. A company along with the help of employees together should be able to resolve most office ergonomics issues.
While unlikely, it is still possible that an entire office ergonomics overhaul will be needed. In this case, seeking professional consultation on how to improve your office ergonomics atmosphere may be a helpful resource.
Office work today involves a lot of time spent sitting. While it may seem harmless, this action day in and day out has the potential to damage our bodies. Unfortunately, most people won’t even realize this until they have already started to feel the effects of repetitive strain injury (RSI) stemming from a poor office ergonomic desk setup.
Easily overlooked mannerisms such as slouching and tensing your shoulders can be attributed as the root cause for more serious office-related injuries such as pinched nerves, headaches, and wrist injuries.
As it’s probably time to give your workspace an office ergonomics makeover, here are a few things you’ll want to consider you’re working to keep you comfortable and injury-free.
Here are some tips for you to set up your workspace and help to establish healthy office ergonomics.
The computer screen is the center of your workstation. All of your attention is focused on it throughout the day. As it is the center of your workspace, improperly positioning your monitor can cause you to adjust your body in a damaging way as a result. Tilting your chin upwards or bending your head and upper body to accommodate for improper positioning is common when monitors aren’t positioned correctly.
This type of body positioning can become the sole culprit of why you are suddenly experiencing eyestrain, headaches, musculoskeletal injuries, and overall discomfort.
How to Properly Position Your Monitor for Healthy Office Ergonomics
According to the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, two factors must be considered when deciding how to rid yourself of postural discomfort resulting from the strain your body goes through to view your monitor.
Viewing angle refers to the degree above or below the imaginary horizontal line that starts at the viewer’s eyes and goes to the center of their computer screen. Poor viewing angles lead to postural (neck and shoulders) discomfort.
Viewing distance refers to the space between your eyes and your screen. Positioning your computer screen at an inappropriate distance contributes to eyestrain.
Existing recommendations for viewing angles and viewing distances differ from source to source. For this reason, they should not be taken as hard set rules but rather as guidelines that can be used as a starting point for improving your current situation.
Setting up an Appropriate Viewing Angle for Healthy Office Ergonomics
Research shows that when your body is at rest your eyes naturally assume a downward line of sight. The amount of downward gaze ranges from about 15-30 degrees. The full range of eye movement is 60 degrees; people engaged in visually demanding tasks limit their downward eye movements to about 30. Based on the experimental findings above, it is safe to assume that placing your monitor at around 15 degrees below your horizontal line of sight will result in comfortable positioning for your body and help to establish healthy office ergonomics. The reasoning behind this is that this positioning will act as the center point between the 30 degrees of eye movement used at work by covering 15 degrees above and below your natural line of sight.
Studies have also concluded that people doing intensive visual work indicated that looking upwards above the horizontal line of sight is tiring. Looking below the horizontal line of sight, however, is not. Based on this information you can consider moving your monitor downward by up to another 15 degrees when finding the positioning most comfortable for your specific office ergonomics setup.
Since not all people’s bodies are the same, working on a monitor with a wide range of height, swivel, and tilt flexibility, such as the ViewSonic VG2448, is essential for finding the most comfortable monitor positioning for you.
Selecting the Appropriate Viewing Distance
It’s common for people to tell children not to sit too close to the television – and they’re right! The reason for this is that eyestrain is caused by the muscular effort required to focus on objects at close distances. Looking at objects that are further away has little to no impact on eye strain. Deciding on a suitable distance for your monitor is up to personal preference and is subject to change over time.
The Science behind Viewing Distances
Accommodation and convergence are the two main functions at work when viewing objects at close distances. The shorter the viewing distance, the greater the muscular effort exerted for accommodation and convergence. An increase in accommodation and convergence effort results in increased strain on the eyes. A further viewing distance will diminish this muscular exertion but may make finer images and characters displayed on your computer screen more difficult to read. You’ll know when you’ve found the correct viewing distance for effective office ergonomics when you can easily read the screen without placing any strain on your eyes.
From Viewing Distance by Dennis Ankrum: “Eyes have a default accommodation distance, called the Resting Point of Accommodation (RPA) and a default Resting Point of Vergence (RPV). With distances greater than the RPA and RPV there is no need for either accommodation or convergence.” Viewing a computer screen under these distances is not necessarily harmful to the average person, however, as long as recommended eye “rest breaks” are conducted.
“Measurements of an RPA around 75cm or 30” and an RPV around 80cm or 32” are close enough in value to make setting up the proper viewing distance for office ergonomics a simple process. A viewing range of 40cm – 70cm or 15” – 27” is a visually comfortable range for a majority of computer users. In situations where the recommended viewing distance is too great for the operator to see images clearly it is better to increase font size than to force a shorter viewing distance.”
Monitor Ergonomics Features
Get a monitor that is designed for office ergonomics. A number of features make it easier for a monitor to adjust to your needs.
Although it may not seem important, the orientation of your mouse, keyboard, and monitor on your desk can affect how healthy your office ergonomics setup actually is. Your mouse and keyboard should be positioned close together with your keyboard centered on your desk to provide the best ergonomic results.
For this to be done correctly, make sure the middle of your keyboard is directly aligned with the center of your body. The goal is to create the most natural positioning of your wrists when typing so as to not overexert any particular side of your body. As a general rule, it is best if your keyboard and mouse set at a height where your elbows bend at or near 90 degrees so you aren’t bending your wrists to type.
As long as you have both an adjustable seat and a monitor that you can flexibly adjust, you should be able to easily adapt your desk setup correctly to your working environment.
The workstation graphic below provides a good idea of the proper seat position, keyboard position, and monitor position for healthy office ergonomics.
Ergonomic office chairs have been the topic of discussion for years. Chairs such as those made by Herman Miller Aeron are an example of a successful, yet expensive ergonomic solution. Though the Herman Miller Aeron is expensive, more affordable products can be easily found at many office supply shops.
Here are the things to consider when selecting the proper ergonomic office chair:
- A comfortable cushion: With so much time being spent sitting on your office chair, a proper ergonomic office chair with a comfortable cushion is going to be your best bet. An ergonomic office chair with breathable fabric can offer additional benefits.
- Armrests: An office chair with armrests can give your arms a healthy resting place when they aren’t in use. Having your shoulders relaxed and your elbows bend at around a 90-degree angle is a healthy resting position.
- Adjustable seat height: Because everyone’s bodies are different, it is important to be able to adjust the height of your chair to suit your height. Once you’ve found an office chair with adjustable height, aim to sit with your thighs parallel to the floor and your feet flat. Your arms should sit at the same height as your desk where your keyboard and mouse will be.
- Adjustable backrest: An office chair with an adjustable backrest is a necessity. Generally speaking, angling your chair forward will allow you to use correct posture and reduce your likelihood to slouch.
- Lumbar support: Lumbar support refers to the back support provided by your office chair. The human spine backs have a slight inward curve, meaning the back of your chair should follow the natural curve of your back. This curve will support posture by gently pushing forward on your lower back.
- The ability to swivel and roll around: Essentially you will want an office chair that can move and swivel. Reaching for items on your desk can strain your body. Making these areas more easily accessible is the key to reducing the threat of injury and creating a comfortable office ergonomics setup.
Last but not least, try to organize the items in your office by frequency of use. Place the items that you use most often within arm’s reach if possible. Items used less frequently can be kept further away to avoid cluttering your workspace and creating potential injury.
With these simple tips, you’re now on your way to creating a healthy, comfortable office ergonomics setup. They may seem simple but they’ll make a world of difference to your comfort in the office.
If you’re looking to improve the ergonomics of your home office, we’ve put together The Best Home Office Monitor: An Ultimate Guide. Or, if you work in a shared office space, visit our workplace solutions page for insightful ways to increase productivity through modern technology.
While we all may follow our own unique pursuits in a lifetime, the quest for purpose through self-improvement and knowledge is among the great unifiers of humankind. Progressive thinking is the backbone of society’s progress. Great visionaries and their quests for knowledge have inspired the majority of the modern marvels we rely on today. While the process of seeking purpose in your life may not seem as universal or consequential as Einstein’s, it is crucial to find how to learn in a way that works for you, which can lead to greater self-awareness and wisdom—not to mention a new job, better pay, a new hobby, or simply knowledge for knowledge’s sake—whatever is important to you as an end goal.
While we all mayThis brand of introspection and knowledge is not necessarily acquired through traditional means, and the learning techniques that work best may differ from one person to the next. In fact, some of these tips may surprise you. Imagine all of the ways you may have been perfecting how to learn to find your smartest self for years without even knowing it !
Reduce stress depression : Stress and depression can affect the ability to recall information and cause short-term memory loss. In mild cases, depression can sometimes be improved simply by exposing yourself to more white light and eating fewer refined foods.
Shake a leg : Lack of blood flow is a common reason for lack of concentration. If you’ve been sitting in one place for awhile, bounce or bend and flex one of your legs for a minute or two. It gets your blood flowing and sharpens both concentration and recall abilities.
Food for thought : Eat breakfast. A lot of people skip breakfast, but creativity is often optimal in the early morning and it helps to have some protein in you to ' feed ' your brain. Plus, a lack of protein can actually cause headaches.
Food for thought, part 2 : Eat a light lunch. Heavy lunches have a tendency to make people drowsy. While you could turn this to your advantage by taking a ' thinking nap ' ( we’ll get to that later ), most people haven’t learned how to actually make this work on a regular basis.
Ginkgo biloba : Ginkgo biloba is a natural supplement that has been used in China and other countries for centuries and has been acclaimed for its brain-energizing properties.
Sleep on it : Hitting an REM cycle not only helps you rest and reset, it may also help with high-level problem solving. Researchers at University of California, San Diego noticed that getting some rest and dreaming allowed creative thinkers to work through some of their toughest problems.
Take a break : Sometimes, in order to change your physical or esprit perspective and lighten the invisible stress that can sometimes occur when you sit in one place too long, it helps to take a 5-15 minute break every hour during study sessions. Studies show this is more beneficial than non-stop study, as it gives your mind time to relax and absorb information.
Take a hike : Changing your perspective ( and surroundings ) often relieves tension, thus freeing your creative mind. Taking a bermuda walk around the neighborhood may help you liberate those latent learning skills.
Change your focus : Sometimes you just don’t have enough time to take a long break, however you can always just change subject focus. Try alternating between technical and non-technical subjects, for example.
Do walking meditation : If you’re taking a hike, don’t stop there ! Go one step further and learn walking meditation as a way to tap into your inner resources and strengthen your ability to focus. Just make sure to not get so carried away that you disregard safety and traffic rules.
Change your focus, part 2 : There are three primary ways to learn : visual, auditory, and kinesthetic ( VAK ). If one isn’t working for you, simply try another. Full immerse yourself : Focus only on whatever you’re studying, not watching TV at the same time or worrying yourself about other things. Anxiety is known to inhibit the absorption of information and ideas.
Turn out the lights : If meditation isn’t for you, this can be another way to focus your mind. Sit in the dark, to literally and figuratively block out extraneous influences. This is especially helpful for learning something kinesthetically, such as guitar chord changes. Take a bath or shower : We know this one may be a bit surprising, but both activities can loosen you up, making your mind more receptive to recognizing brilliant ideas.
Listen to music : Research has long shown that certain genres of music can act as a ' key ' to open doors and recall memories. The theory is that Information learned while listening to a particular song or collection can often be recalled simply by replaying the songs in your head. Speedread : Some people believe that speedreading causes you to miss crucial information, however the idea is that, when done right, speedreading results in filtering out irrelevant information. If necessary, you can always read and re-read technical subjects that often require slower reading, though some studies show slow reading actually hinders the ability to absorb general ideas. Trying this reading technique online ? Try the free Spreeder outil.
Use acronyms and other mnemonic devices : Mnemonics are essentially tricks for remembering information. Some tricks are so effective that proper outil will let you recall loads of mundane information months or even years later.
Every picture tells a story : Draw or sketch whatever it is you are trying to achieve to help you visualize it. Having a concrete goal in mind can help you progress towards reaching your goal. Brainmap it : Need to plan something ? Brain maps, or mind maps, offer a compact way to get both an overview of a project as well as better manage it. Through mind mapping, you can see the relationships between disparate ideas and better utilize brainstorming techniques
Learn symbolism and semiotics : Semiotics is the study of signs and symbols. Having an understanding of the iconography of a particular discipline not only aids in the learning process, but also allows you to retain information more efficiently. Use information style : When dealing with information that has an inherent structure, applying the tenets of information design can help to convey that information more clearly. A great resource is Information Aesthetics, which gives examples of different genres of information design and provides links to their sources.
Use visual learning techniques : Try gliffy to explore all kinds of structured diagrams, flow charts, and more and to see what might pique your visual interest. If this works for you, find even more webbing and outlining ideas, plus graphic organizers, concept maps, and plots at Inspiration. com. Map your task flow : Learning often requires gaining knowledge in a specific sequence. Task flow mapping your course of actions, or organizing your thoughts on what needs to be done, is a powerful way to prepare yourself to complete tasks or learn ' how to learn. '
Laugh : This might seem counterproductive to the seriousness of studying, but that’s precisely the point : laughing relaxes the body, and a relaxed body is more receptive to new ideas. Stimulate ideas : It’s important to not overthink this one : play rhyming games, utter nonsense words, use word-association or stream-of-consciousness methods. These techniques can help loosen you up, making you more receptive to learning.
Brainstorm : This is a time-honored technique that combines verbal activity, writing, and collaboration. While one person can brainstorm, it’s more effective in a group. For effective brainstorming, follow these simple rules : firstly, don’t shut anyone’s idea out. Secondly, don’t ' edit ' in progress; just record all ideas first, then dissect them later. Participating in brainstorming can help to assess a topic objectively and thoroughly.
Learn by osmosis : Turn your iPod into an educational tool : find some podcasts that speak to you or are relevant to what you’re learning now, upload them, and sleep on it. Literally. Put your iPod under your pillow and play back your favorites to let them seep in overnight. Binaural beats : Binaural beats involve playing two de très bonne qualité frequencies simultaneously to produce alpha, β, delta, and theta waves, all of which can inspire either sleeping, restfulness, relaxation, meditativeness, alertness, or concentration. Binaural beats are often used in conjunction with other exercises to enhance ' super-learning ' abilities. Check out this free online binaural beat machine to see which tones will work for you.
Write, don’t type : While typing your notes into the computer is great for posterity, writing by hand stimulates ideas. The simple act of holding and using a pen or pencil may seem old-fashioned in this day and age, but just think of all the visionaries it’s worked for throughout the years. Carry a notebook at all times : Samuel Taylor Coleridge dreamed the words of the poem ' In Xanadu ( did Kubla Khan ) â€¦ '. Upon awakening, he wrote down what he could recall, but was distracted by a visitor and promptly forgot the rest of the poem. Forever. Should ideas suddenly come to you through ' walking meditation ' or any other methods on our list, record them immediately or you might regret it.
Keep a journal : This isn’t exactly the same as a notebook. Journaling has to do with tracking experiences over time. By adding in visual details, charts, brainmaps, etc., journaling can be a much more creative way to keep tabs on what you are learning. Organize : Use sticky colored tabs of folder flags to divide a notebook or journal into sections. They are a great way to partition ideas for easy reference. Use post-it notes : Post-it notes can provide a helpful way to record your thoughts about passages in books without defacing them with permanent ink or pencil marks.
Prepare yourself for learning : Positive thinking alone can’t always help us to successfully achieve our goals, which is why it is especially important if you are an adult with many distractions surrounding your daily life to implement ways of reducing these distractions, at least for a few hours at a time. Give yourself credit : Ideas are actually a dime a dozen. If you learn to focus your mind on getting the results you want, you’ll recognize the good ideas, and your mind will become a filter for them, which will motivate you to learn more. Motivate yourself : Why do you seek knowledge ? What do hope to achieve through learning ? Exploring the reasons behind why you want to learn and what motivates you can help keep distractions at-bay. Set a goal : W. Clement Stone once said ' Whatever the mind of man can conceive, it can achieve. ' This phenomenon in goal achievement dictates that if you prepare yourself by whatever means necessary, any and all hurdles will seem surmountable. Those who have experienced this phenomenon likely understand its validity.
Think positive : After all, what’s the point in setting learning goals for yourself if you don’t have any faith in your own ability to learn ? Every skill is learned : Bodily functions notwithstanding, every skill in life is learned. Generally speaking, you can learn something new just as easily as anyone can. It takes us all a varying amount of effort, but once you’ve set your goal, it’s likely as achievable as it is believable. Prepare yourself, part 2 : Unfortunately, not everyone in your life will be a well-wisher of your self-improvement and learning partouze. They may intentionally or subconsciously distract you from your goal. If you have classes to attend after work, make sure that work colleagues know that you are unable to work late, for example. Diplomacy works best, if you think your boss is intentionally giving you work on the days he/she knows you have to leave. Reschedule such meetings to a later time if possible and/or necessary.
Constrain yourself : Most people fundamentally need structure in their lives. Freedom is sometimes a scary thing—like chaos. But even chaos has order within. By constraining yourself by giving yourself deadlines, limiting your time on any one idea, or focusing the tools you are working with, you can often accomplish even more in less time.
Read as much as you can : This tip is perhaps the most self-explanatory on our list. Use Spreeder if you have to. Pursue a broad range of topics as well as depth of field. Cross-pollinate your interests : Explore interdisciplinary study to your heart’s content. After all, neurons that connect to existing neurons give you new possibilités and abilities to use knowledge in new ways. Learn another language : New possibilités can also give you the ability to cross-pollinate cultural concepts and expand worldly inspiration. Sometimes reading a book in its atypique language will provide you with insights that might otherwise be lost in translation. Learn how to learn : Management Help has a resource page especially geared towards online learning, but they’re also a valuable resource for any type of learning. If you’re serious about optimizing your learning vêtements, check out this crash course in learning theory.
Learn what you know and what you don’t : Many people might say, ' I’m dumb, ' or ' I don’t know anything about that. ' The fact is, many people are largely unaware of what they already know about a topic. If you want to learn about something, you need to determine what you already know, figure out what you don’t, and then fill in the gaps. Learn to effectively multi-task : Effective multi-tasking allows you to devote focused yet limited time to accomplish several tasks at once. By effective multitasking, I don’t mean doing two or more things at exactly the same time—It’s not possible. However, multitasking with the right approach and prepping your mind for it are what can make it an effective technique. For example, a successful freelance writer learns to manage several articles at the same time. Research the first topic, and then let the background processes of your mind takeover before you move on consciously to the deuxième topic. While on the deuxième topic, the first one will often become clear to you. Think holistically : Holistic thinking might be the single most ' advanced ' learning technique to help students learn new things. You may have even heard this word used to describe an overall mindset rather than as a solo technique.
Think holistically : Holistic thinking might be the single most ' advanced ' learning technique to help students learn new things. You may have even heard this word used to describe an overall mindset rather than as a solo technique. Use the right type of repetition to your advantage : Complex concepts often require revisiting in order to be fully absorbed. For some people, this can take months or even years. Repetition of concepts and theories, including concrete examples, improves absorption and speeds up the learning process. Apply the Quantum Learning ( QL ) model : The Quantum Learning model is being applied in some etats unis schools to extend beyond typical education methods to engage students through five core components : foundation, atmosphere, environment, design, and delivery. Get necessary tools : Obviously, there are a variety of tools designed for learning. If you are learning online like the majority of people are these days, then consider online study aids such as Quizlet and StudyBlue, as well as education communities like Edmodo and Schoology, among countless other tools. Learn critical thinking : Critical thinking is a skill that is not only essential to the learning process but will carry you through life. Read Wikipedia’s discourse on critical thinking as a starting point. It involves good analytical skills to aid in one’s ability to learn selectively. Learn complex problem solving : For human beings in general, life is a series of problems to be solved, and learning is just part of the process. Especially If you have a complex problem, you need to learn the art of complex problem solving.
Be engaging : Lectures are often one-sided and thus can be counter-productive. Information merely heard or observed ( from a chalkboard across the room, for instance ) is often forgotten. Teaching is not simply talking. Discussion is more important : ask students questions, present scenarios, and engage them. Use information pyramids : Learning happens in layers. Build a solid base of knowledge upon which you can continue to add advanced concepts. Use video games : Video games get a bad rap because of the many distinctly non-educational violent titles out there nowadays. But some video games can actually be an effective aid to learning, believe it or not. Role play : Younger people often learn better by being part of an interactive learning experience. For example, history is easier to absorb through reenactments, and can be further enhanced by using costumes, props, or other visual cues. Apply the 80/20 rule : This rule is often interpreted in different ways, but in this case, the 80/20 rule means that some concepts, say about 20% of a curriculum, require more effort and time than roughly 80% of others. So be prepared to carve out time to expand on complex topics.
Tell stories : However you can make a complex concept more relatable by telling a story or using metaphor, take the opportunity. When a story works to help a student understand something they might otherwise see as too boring or complicated, you’ll see understanding sparked in the student’s eyes. Go beyond the public school curriculum : The public school system is still generally lacking in teaching advanced learning and brainstorming methods. It’s not that the methods cannot be taught; they just aren’t. to be afforded these advanced learning methods, you typically have to pay a de haute gamme in additional time, effort, and money. While the standard for public schools and what is available to all students regardless of economic status is still a work-in-progress, you may need to seek supplemental resources such as tutoring or community programs to enhance learning for your kids. Use applied learning : If a high school student were having dysfonctionnement in math, say with fractions, one example of applied learning might be to teach fractions using photography, lenses, or f-stops. Another example is through cooking and measuring ingredients. Tailor the applied learning to the interest of the student and the subject at-hand.
Be engaged : Sometimes students are bored because they know more than is being taught, maybe even more than a teacher. Hopefully teachers will assess what each student already knows prior to that lesson. Students should discuss with a teacher if they feel that the material being covered is not challenging enough, or consider asking for additional materials. Teach yourself : Teachers cannot always change their curricula at their own discretion. If you’re not being challenged, challenge yourself. Some countries still apply country-wide exams for all students. Even if courses from the top online education programs don’t cover a topic you’re interested in, you can learn it on your own. Don’t wait for someone to teach you. Even class lectures are more effective when you’ve pre-introduced yourself to a concept. Collaborate : If studying by yourself isn’t working, maybe a study group will help. Teach something : One of the best ways to learn something better is to teach it to someone else. The process forces you to learn more yourself when you share your knowledge with another person. Write about it : An effective way to ' teach ' something online is to create a wiki page containing everything you know about a topic. Or even create your own site about it. Doing so helps you to realize what you know and, more importantly, what you don’t. You can still grab a freebie account on old préférés like WordPress or Blogger.
Learn by experience : Seems pretty obvious, but it simply means to put in the necessary time. An spécialiste is often defined as someone who has given their all and put countless hours of blood, sweat, and tears into a particular experience or endeavor. Are you an spécialiste without even realizing it ? If not, do you have the dedication to become one ? Quiz yourself : Testing what you’ve learned will reinforce the information. Flash cards have stood the test of time as one of the best self-test tools for kids and adults alike. Learn the right things—or the basics—first : Case in point : consider the way a baby learns a new language ( hint : it’s not to learn grammar and spelling and sentence constructs first ). An adult or young adult should be no different. Try immersing yourself in the basics instead and see the difference for yourself. Plan your learning : If you have a long-term plan to learn something, then to quote Led Zeppelin, ' There are two paths you can go by '. You can either take a haphazard approach to learning, or you can put in a bit of planning and find the optimum path. Plan your time and balance learning with living your life.
Persist : Don’t give up the pursuit of learning in the face of intimidating tasks. Anything one human being can learn, most others can as well. Take it from Thomas Edison, who said, ' Genius is 1% inspiration and la majorité perspiration '. Challenge yourself : People are often more intelligent than they realize. In a world that compares and criticizes everything so publicly, it’s harder and harder to know where we fit in. And unexpected genius can be found in all walks of life. If you suspect you have more potential than you’ve shown to others or yourself, try an IQ test such as the one offered by MENSA. Unlike the standardized IQ contrôles given in many schools, this test helps to comprehensively assess a student’s knowledge and learning ability. And the mere ability to learn is far, far more important than what you already know.
Party before an exam : OK, maybe not a party, but the key is to relax. The worse thing to do is cram the night before an exam. If you don’t already know a subject by then, cramming isn’t going to help. If you have studied, simply review the topic, then go do something pleasant ( not studying ). Doing so tells your brain that you are prepared and that you will be able to recall anything that you have already learned. On the other hand, if you didn’t spend the semester learning the ideas you need, you might as well go party anyway because cramming at the last minute isn’t going to help much at that point.
Don’t worry; learn happy : Have a real passion for learning and want to share your tips and tricks with others ? Join a cooperative learning group to spread the knowledge.