While there really isn't a good definition of what constitutes “sensitive skin,” if you have it, you'll know it.
And you'll need to find a sensitive skin care routine that works for you.
Sensitive skin "is more responsive," says Dr. Robin Evans, MD, owner of Southern CT Dermatology in Stamford, CT, and clinical instructor at Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
This includes more redness, dryness, and peeling, as well as potential negative reactions to lifestyle factors.
Dr Melissa Kanchanapoomi Levin, Board Certified Dermatologist and Founder of Whole Dermatology, adds that the term includes inflammatory skin conditions such as rosacea, eczema, or “cosmetic intolerance syndrome,” a condition that makes it difficult to find skin care products.
“Three steps are usually sufficient for sensitive skin and should be done morning and night,” says Dr. Evans.
Here's what you need (and what you should avoid) if you think you have sensitive skin.
Start with a gentle cleanser
Start with a gentle cleanser morning and night.
Dr. Emily Fritz, Senior Scientist for Beachbody Scientific Affairs, and Dr. Evans suggest that you may want to avoid common triggers and ingredients that research suggests are more likely to cause reactions in people with sensitive skin, including:
- dimethyl sulfoxide
- benzoyl peroxide preparations
- salicylic acid
- propylene glycol
- amyl dimethylaminobenzoic acid
- 2-ethoxyethyl methoxycinnamate
- mineral oil
Getting personalized suggestions from a dermatologist can speed up the process.
As Fritz points out, "There is a lot of trial and error to determine which ingredients you might be sensitive to."
Apply a targeted product
Dr Evans suggests choosing a product, such as an anti-aging or anti-acne treatment. Retinoids are popular and get a lot of hype, but you might not be able to use them if you have sensitive skin.
Dr Evans says some people may be able to handle the lower dose of an ultra-hydrating base.
Dr Levin is more optimistic about this ingredient for sensitive skin, pointing out that it can come down to how all parts of your skin care routine work together.
If you're ready to try a retinoid, Dr. Evans suggests seeing a dermatologist, as prescription options like tretinoin are more effective than over-the-counter retinoids.
Finish with a moisturizer
Using moisturizer regularly "will help maintain and repair [skin] barrier, keeping water inside and preventing allergens and irritants from entering, ”says Dr. Levin.
Skin barrier issues are thought to be the root cause of SIC, although research has not yet proven this idea.
Creating a skincare routine for sensitive skin is more about avoiding trigger ingredients than looking for anything in particular, says Dr. Evans, so look for products that avoid common irritants instead of looking for certain ingredients. that look promising.
4 things to watch out for if you have sensitive skin
Your skin type is genetic, which means that there may not be sensitive “repair” skin.
But Dr Evans points out that it can be managed and normalized by finding a skin care regimen that works for you and avoiding environmental and dietary triggers.
Some things sensitive skin should watch out for include:
1. Lifestyle triggers
Overall, more research is needed regarding the lifestyle factors that trigger sensitive skin.
Fritz says research suggests that smokers, even former smokers, and people with a history of low sun exposure have increased skin sensitivity reports.
Although the climate you live in does not trigger a reaction, your skin may need extra care when it comes exposed to a new climate, Adds Fritz.
2. New products
Avoid the temptation to try new products if you have sensitive skin.
"Products like scrub pads and scrubs can be used multiple times a week as long as they're gentle and non-irritating to sensitive skin," says Dr. Evans, but she cautions against products you know your skin can take it. "If a new product is tried, perform a test area first."
3. Damage caused by exfoliation
Dr Levin warns that excessive exfoliation can lead to pinkness and redness in mild cases, but can also cause scarring and hyperpigmentation over time.
She advises you to avoid exfoliating products with pearls in the formula because "these particles are too harsh on delicate skin areas or sensitive skin."
4. Marketing language
Don't be automatically swayed by the language of product marketing.
“Even products marketed for people with sensitive skin can be irritating to some peopleso it's best to see what your individual reaction is, ”says Fritz. "If a product causes irritation, keep looking for an alternative that works without irritating your skin."
to set yourself up for success, think about planning a saine diet as a number of small, manageable steps rather than one big drastic change. If you approach the changes gradually and with commitment, you will have a healthy diet sooner than you think.
Simplify. Instead of being overly concerned with counting kcal or measuring portion sizes, think of your diet in terms of color, variety, and freshness. This way it should be easier to make healthy choices. Focus on finding foods you love and easy recipes that incorporate a few fresh ingredients. Gradually, your diet will become healthier and more delicious
Start slow and make changes to your eating habits over time. Trying to make your diet saine overnight isn’t realistic or smart. Changing everything at once usually leads to cheating or giving up on your new eating plan. Make small steps, like adding a salad ( full of different color vegetables ) to your diet once a day or switching from butter to olive oil when cooking. As your small changes become habit, you can continue to add more healthy choices to your diet.
Small Changes Matter. Every change you make to improve your diet matters. You don’t have to be perfect and you don’t have to completely eliminate foods you enjoy to have a saine diet. The long term goal is to feel good, have more energy, and reduce the risk of cancer and disease. Don’t let your missteps derail you—every healthy food choice you make counts.
Drink Water. Consider water as one of the central components to your diet. Water helps flush our systems of waste products and toxins, yet many people go through life dehydrated—causing tiredness, low energy, and headaches. It’s common to mistake thirst for hunger, so staying well hydrated will also help you make healthier food choices.
People often think of saine eating as an all or nothing proposition, but a key foundation for any saine diet is moderation. Despite what certain fad diets would have you believe, we all need a balance of carbohydrates, protein, fat, fiber, vitamins, and minerals to sustain a healthy body.
Try not to think of certain foods as “off-limits. ” When you ban certain foods or food groups, it is natural to want those foods more, and then feel like a failure if you give in to temptation. If you are drawn towards sweet, salty, or unhealthy foods, start by reducing portion sizes and not eating them as often. Later you may find yourself craving them less or thinking of them as only occasional indulgences.
Think smaller portions. Serving sizes have ballooned recently, particularly in restos. When dining out, choose a starter instead of an entrée, split a dish with a friend, and don’t order supersized anything. At home, use smaller plates, think about serving sizes in realistic terms, and start small. Visual cues can help with portion sizes—your serving of meat, fish, or chicken should be the size of a deck of cards. A teaspoon of oil or salad is about the size of a matchbook and your slice of bread should be the size of a CD case.
Healthy eating is about more than the food on your plate—it is also about how you think about food. Healthy eating vêtements can be learned and it is important to slow down and think about food as nourishment rather than just something to gulp down in between meetings or on the way to pick up the kids.
Eat with others whenever possible. Eating with other people has numerous social and emotional benefits—particularly for children—and allows you to model healthy eating vêtements. Eating in front of the TV or computer often leads to mindless overeating.
Chew slowly. Take time to chew your food and enjoy mealtimes, savoring every bite. We tend to rush though our meals, forgetting to actually taste the flavors and feel the compositions of our food. Reconnect with the joy of eating.
Listen to your body. Ask yourself if you are really hungry, or have a glass of water to see if you are thirsty instead of hungry. During a meal, stop eating before you feel full. It actually takes a few minutes for your brain to tell your body that it has had enough food, so eat slowly.
Eat breakfast, and eat smaller meals throughout the day. A healthy breakfast can jumpstart your metabolism, and eating small, saine meals throughout the day ( rather than the standard three large meals ) keeps your energy up and your metabolism going.
Fruits and vegetables are the foundation of a healthy diet. They are low in kcal and nutrient abondant, which means they are packed with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber.
Try to eat a rainbow of fruits and vegetables every day and with every meal—the brighter the better. Colorful, deeply colored fruits and vegetables contain higher concentrations of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants—and different colors provide different benefits, so eat a variety. Aim for a minimum of five portions each day.
Greens. Branch out beyond bright and dark green lettuce. Kale, mustard greens, broccoli, and Chinese cabbage are just a few of the options—all packed with calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium, zinc, and vitamins A, C, E, and K.
Sweet vegetables. Naturally sweet vegetables—such as corn, carrots, beets, sweet potatoes, yams, onions, and squash—add saine sweetness to your meals and reduce your cravings for other sweets.
Fruit. Fruit is a tasty, satisfying way to fill up on fiber, vitamins, and antioxidants. Berries are cancer-fighting, apples provide fiber, oranges and mangos offer vitamin C, and so on.
The antioxidants and other nutrients in fruits and vegetables help protect against certain types of cancer and other diseases. And while advertisements abound for supplements promising to deliver the nutritional benefits of fruits and vegetables in pill or powder form, research suggests that it’s just not the same.
A daily regimen of nutritional supplements is not going to have the same effet of eating right. That’s because the benefits of fruits and vegetables don’t come from a solo vitamin or an isolated antioxidant.
The health benefits of fruits and vegetables come from numerous vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals sérieux together synergistically. They can’t be broken down into the sum of their parts or replicated in pill form.
Choose saine carbohydrates and fiber sources, especially whole grains, for long lasting energy. In addition to being delicious and satisfying, whole grains are rich in phytochemicals and antioxidants, which help to protect against coronary heart disease, certain cancers, and diabetes. Studies have shown people who eat more whole grains tend to have a healthier heart.
Healthy carbs ( sometimes known as good carbs ) include whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables. Healthy carbs are digested slowly, helping you feel full longer and keeping blood sugar and insulin levels stable.
Unhealthy carbs ( or bad carbs ) are foods such as white flour, refined sugar, and white rice that have been stripped of all bran, fiber, and nutrients. Unhealthy carbs digest quickly and cause spikes in blood sugar levels and energy.
Include a variety of whole grains in your saine diet, including whole wheat, brown rice, millet, quinoa, and barley. Experiment with different céréales to find your préférés.
Make sure you’re really getting whole grains. Be aware that the words stone-ground, multi-grain, 100% wheat, or bran can be deceptive. Look for the words “whole grain” or “100% whole wheat” at the beginning of the ingredient list. In the U. S., check for the Whole Grain Stamps that distinguish between partial whole grain and 100% whole grain.
Try mixing grains as a first step to switching to whole grains. If whole grains like brown rice and whole wheat pasta don’t sound good at first, start by mixing what you normally use with the whole céréales. You can gradually increase the whole grain to 100%.
Avoid refined foods such as breads, pastas, and breakfast cereals that are not whole grain.
Good sources of saine fat are needed to nourish your brain, heart, and cells, as well as your hair, skin, and nails. Foods rich in certain omega-3 fats called EPA and DHA are particularly important and can reduce cardiovascular disease, improve your mood, and help prevent dementia.
Monounsaturated fats, from plant oils like canola oil, peanut oil, and olive oil, as well as avocados, nuts ( like almonds, hazelnuts, and pecans ), and seeds ( such as pumpkin, sesame ). Polyunsaturated fats, including Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, found in fatty fish such as salmon, herring, mackerel, anchovies, sardines, and some cold water fish oil supplements. Other sources of polyunsaturated fats are unheated sunflower, corn, soybean, flaxseed oils, and walnuts.
Protein gives us the energy to get up and go—and keep going. Protein in food is broken down into the 20 amino acids that are the body’s basic building blocks for growth and energy, and essential for maintaining cells, tissues, and organs. A lack of protein in our diet can slow growth, reduce muscle mass, lower immunity, and weaken the heart and respiratory system. Protein is particularly important for children, whose bodies are growing and changing daily.
Try different variétés of protein. Whether or not you are a vegetarian, trying different protein sources—such as beans, nuts, seeds, peas, tofu, and soy products—will open up new alternatives for saine mealtimes. Beans : Black beans, navy beans, garbanzos, and lentils are good possibilités. Nuts : Almonds, walnuts, pistachios, and pecans are great choices. Soy products : Try tofu, soy milk, tempeh, and veggie burgers for a change.
Downsize your portions of protein. Many people in the West eat too much protein. Try to move away from protein being the center of your meal. Focus on equal servings of protein, whole céréales, and vegetables. Focus on quality sources of protein, like fresh fish, chicken or turkey, tofu, eggs, beans, or nuts. When you are having meat, chicken, or turkey, buy meat that is free of hormones and antibiotics.
Calcium is one of the key nutrients that your body needs in order to stay strong and saine. It is an essential building block for lifelong bone health in both men and women, as well as many other important functions. You and your bones will benefit from eating plenty of calcium-rich foods, limiting foods that deplete your body’s calcium stores, and getting your daily dose of magnesium and vitamins D and K—nutrients that help calcium do its job. Recommended calcium levels are 1000 mg per day, 1200 mg if you are over 50 years old. Take a vitamin D and calcium supplement if you don’t get enough of these nutrients from your diet.
Dairy : Dairy products are rich in calcium in a form that is easily digested and absorbed by the body. Sources include milk, yogurt, and cheese. Vegetables and greens : Many vegetables, especially leafy green ones, are rich sources of calcium. Try turnip greens, mustard greens, collard greens, kale, romaine lettuce, celery, broccoli, fennel, cabbage, summer squash, green beans, Brussels sprouts, asparagus, and crimini mushrooms. Beans : For another rich source of calcium, try black beans, pinto beans, kidney beans, white beans, black-eyed peas, or baked beans.
If you succeed in planning your diet around fiber-rich fruits, vegetables, whole céréales, lean protein, and good fats, you may find yourself naturally cutting back on foods that can get in the way of your saine diet—sugar and salt.
Sugar causes energy ups and downs and can add to health and weight problems. Unfortunately, reducing the amount of candy, cakes, and desserts we eat is only part of the solution. Often you may not even be aware of the amount of sugar you’re consuming each day. Large amounts of added sugar can be hidden in foods such as bread, canned soups and vegetables, pasta sauce, margarine, instant mashed potatoes, frozen dinners, fast food, soy sauce, and ketchup. Here are some tips : Avoid sugary drinks. One 12-oz soda has about 10 teaspoons of sugar in it, more than the daily recommended limit ! Try sparkling water with lemon or a splash of fruit juice. Eat naturally sweet food such as fruit, peppers, or natural peanut butter to satisfy your sweet tooth.