For many things in life, there can be more than one way to achieve the desired result. When it comes to getting the most out of your compression stockings, there really is only one way to go - wear them correctly.
According to a 2008 study published in the American Journal of Nursing, compression stockings were misused in 29% of patients and 26% of patients wore the wrong size. If nurses can't even do it in a professional setting, how are you expected to do it at home? After all, circulation-promoting stockings aren't just for hospital patients - they're also for healthy people who want to maintain the vitality of their legs and feet. Even for a healthy person like you, wearing these socks badly probably means you're wasting your money.
Researchers at Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas studied 142 postoperative patients. The sample included 119 women and 23 men (whose average age was 57 years). Most of the patients have undergone gynecology-related surgery; while 41 percent of them were recovering from knee, hip, ankle or foot surgery. The remaining 6% had undergone abdominal, back, shoulder or plastic surgery.
Apart from a few other eligibility requirements, the most relevant is that patients must have received physician orders for graduated compression stockings, have the stockings in place at the time of the study, and be in stable condition.
Of the 142 patients, 37% wore stockings on the thighs and 105 on the knees.
The researchers assessed the patients' skin, measured their legs, and determined if there were any problems with using the stockings. Afterward, they compared the leg measurements to the manufacturer's size chart, to find out if the correct size socks had been applied. Additionally, the researchers asked patients to rate the comfort of the stockings and describe what they are used for.
The study seems to show that there are problems with the use and size of thigh stockings, and these problems seem to be more common in overweight patients. More patients who had thigh-high stockings found them more comfortable than those with knee-highs, and 20% of patients weren't sure exactly why they were wearing them in the first place - thus, patients weren't wearing them correctly.
“Problems with the use and sizing of graduated compression stockings are common across the country and this study is one of the first to systematically analyze the issues and recommend ways to improve practice,” said Elizabeth H Winslow, PhD, RN, FAAN, Research Consultant on the study.
Difference between support stockings and graduated compression stockings
It's important to note that supportive stockings and graduated compression stockings, while often used interchangeably, are not technically synonymous terms. The former is generally used by healthy patients; while the latter, for those recovering from surgery or for those with venous problems.
According to a Science Daily article, “(Graduated compression stockings) they were developed based on research showing the optimal amount of graduated compression to promote blood flow and reduce the risk of thrombosis. When installed and used correctly, they increase the speed of blood flow, reduce the risk of venous wall dilation and intimal tearing, improve venous valve function, and may reduce coagulability, which leads to reduced risk. venous thrombosis, a blood clot that forms in the vein. "
So how do you wear these stockings, exactly?
Whether it's true graduated compression medical stockings, or lower level supportive stockings just to maintain your health, the key to their effectiveness will always be wearing them correctly. If you are in the hospital after the operation and are asked to wear compression stockings, check with the nurse to make sure they are the right size for you. Likewise, ask for the correct way to put them on and exactly how long you are supposed to wear them.
When it comes to supporting stockings you could buy online - like for example, Jobst Men's Closed Toe Mid-Support Thigh Highs, be sure to read the measurement guide instructions carefully, and do not hesitate to ask your doctor if you have indeed chosen the right level of compression.
Nowadays, many people are choosing to wear compression stockings. They are affordable, easy to access and help to fight off unpleasant symptoms of illness. These specialized elastic socks are designed to offer comfort to the wearer by applying pressure to the legs, allowing better blood circulation throughout the body.
However, those who wear compression stockings know that getting them on can be challenging. The good news is, there are easier ways to don your stockings and move forward with your day. ComproGear has put together a collection of tips and tricks to help you simplify your compression sock routine.
Before we go over how to put compression socks on, we’ll take a look at the basics : What are compression socks ? How do they work ? And what do compression hose have to offer you ?
Compression stockings are a unique type of therapeutic wear that helps to improve blood circulation in the body. These socks and stockings are often used to reduce pain or swelling in the legs.
Compression stockings can also lower your risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis ( DVT ) by exerting pressure on your legs as you wear them. This gentle pressure assists with blood flow from the legs and back to the heart, preventing the clotting and pooling of blood.
You will find compression stockings in a range of sizes and pressure levels. When shopping for your compression socks, note that mmHg is used for denoting the pressure exerted by compression stockings. A higher mmHg indicates a higher amount of pressure being applied to the legs by the compression sock. For example, 30mmHg is a higher pressure application than 15mmHg.
For those who do not have a medical diagnosis, using compression socks with a mild pressure rating will suffice. A low pressure rating can help you deal with tired legs and mild swelling.
A compression sock should offer a “snug” fit but shouldn’t be excessively tight. Before you make a purchase, take a look over the sizing chart to get an idea about which size would fit you best.
Medical grade compression socks are generally tighter in the ankle portion of the sock and gradually become less tight towards the knee. This type of compression is called graduated compression. TED socks and many varieties of compression garments use graduated compression.
You can purchase compression socks from medical equipment stores or ComproGear. If you need compression hose for medical reasons, your doctor will prescribe the right compression according to your needs and will help you order the convenable size. Prices will vary according to the type of compression sock and its brand.
Those who suffer from medical conditions related to poor circulation can benefit from wearing compression stockings : Anyone recovering from varicose vein surgery. Athletes who are recovering from an injury or who are training extensively. Those who are at risk of developing Deep Vein Thrombosis ( DVT ), varicose veins, edema or leg ulcers. Those who spend a lot of time travelling or sitting such as pilots, frequent fliers, truck drivers, etc.
It’s a great idea to put your compression hosiery on first thing in the morning before any swelling occurs from the day’s activities. This will allow the stockings to slide on with greater ease. Alternatively, you may lay down and rest your legs on an elevated pillow for about 15 minutes to reduce swelling before donning your socks.
Your legs should also be clean and dry. Dry off completely after bathing and if it is a particularly humid day, sprinkling talc or cornstarch across the legs can help the fabric of the socks slide on smoothly.
tera pull on your compression stockings with ease, place just your toes into the stocking’s toe area. The rest of the sock will be bunched up around the toes as you do this. Gradually unravel the sock upwards towards your knee. Do not crouch on the floor or bend over while standing, as this will make it difficult to pull your compression hose on. It is best to sit in a peau while donning your socks.
Wrinkled stockings are difficult to wear. Creases in the material can apply démesurée pressure to the skin beneath them, causing discomfort or cutting off circulation. Be sure to smooth out any creases in the fabric once your socks are on. This will ensure you’re getting the optimum pressure outil from your stockings. Do not fold over the top of your compression hose as this can interrupt blood flow.
If you wear open-toe compression stockings then this trick is for you. Slip a plastic bag over your foot and heel. The plastic bag’s slippery surface will help your compression hose slip onto your leg with ease. Once your sock or stocking is on, carefully pull out the loose plastic bag through the open-toe of your stocking. You can also try using a silk foot slip to help you put on your compression socks. It works in much the same way as the plastic bag trick. All you need to do is to place your foot into the silk foot slip then sweat your pressure sock over it and onto your leg, just as you would with a regular sock.
An effective method for donning compression stockings without the hassle is to use talcum powder or cornstarch. Sprinkle some across your ankles and legs before pulling your socks on. These silky powders allow close-fitting compression garments to slide over the skin easily. Talcum powder can also help absorb excess moisture on the skin.
Applying lotion and creams to the legs will make it difficult to put your stockings on. Moisturized skin tends to stick to or grab the fabric of the socks as you attempt to sweat them on. One solution to this problem is to apply lotion before going to bed rather than in the morning. This allows enough time for the cream to absorb into your skin, leaving it smooth enough in the morning for the compression socks to slide on easily.
There are several donning tools available commercially that can help if you’re struggling to get your compression stockings on. You can purchase these tools at medical equipment or online stores. The prices will vary according to the brand. Popular donning devices include Medi Butler, Juzo Slippie Gator and Sigvaris Doff n’ Donner. These tools are ideal for elderly people or anyone with a mobility provenant that has difficulty putting on compression stockings.
Donning gloves are a great tool to help you firmly grasp your stockings without tearing them. It can be quite difficult to grab and sweat the stocking fabric with your bare hands. This is where gloves can come to the rescue. Various brands manufacture gloves that can be worn while donning compression stockings. These gloves also protect the stocking fabric, especially if you are concerned about your nails tearing the hosiery.