Aiden, a third grader, has a temper tantrum in front of her classmates, and her teacher Ms. Garcia runs out of ideas. This is Aiden's third explosion this morning, this one caused simply by asking him to shut down his Chromebook and line up for PE Every day is like this with Aiden, and Ms. Garcia is at breaking point. She's spoken to Aiden's parents time and time again, and they just say he's like that at home too, defiant at every turn. Eventually, the school counselor meets with Aiden and suggests he may be one of the many students with OCD - Oppositional Defiant Disorder.
What is Oppositional Defiant Disorder?
Oppositional Defiant Disorder, commonly referred to as ODD, is a behavioral disorder in which children are - as the name suggests - defiant to the extent that they interfere with their daily lives. the DSM-5, published by the American Psychiatric Association, defines him as a model of angry, vindictive, argumentative and provocative behavior lasting at least six months.
In an article on Director update, Dr Nicola Davies sums it up: “The goal of a student with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is to gain and maintain control by testing authority to the limit, breaking the rules, and provoking and provoking control. extending the arguments. In the classroom, this can distract both the teacher and other students. "
Between 2 and 16 percent of the population can have the disability disorder, and we are not entirely sure what causes it. Scientists believe it could be genetic, environmental, biological, or a mixture of all three. It is diagnosed more often in younger boys than in girls, although in adolescence both appear to be equally affected. It occurs in many children with ADHD, with some studies indicating that up to 50 percent of students with ADHD also have ADHD.
What does ODD look like?
We all know that kids of a certain age, especially toddlers and teens, pretty much always argue and challenge. In fact, these behaviors may be appropriate at these ages, as children test the world around them and learn how it works.
However, ODD is much more than that, to the point where students with ODD disrupt their own lives and often the lives of everyone nearby. Children with SDGs push the boundaries of the challenge far beyond reason. Their problematic behavior is much more extreme than that of their peers, and it happens much more often.
Defiance and argumentation.
Most children go through a phase where “no” is their favorite word, but for students with a difficulty setting, this phase never ends. They question everything, all the time, and consistently refuse to comply with rules and demands. Their need for argument can lead them to deliberately annoy others in an attempt to create conflict. However, they usually refuse to take responsibility for their mistakes or behaviors, blaming others for everything.
Anger and irritability.
These are the kids who seem angry all the time and fly out of the grip at the slightest provocation. Their overreactions can turn into tantrums, not only occasionally, but frequently. Therefore, every conversation you have with them seems like a struggle.
The continued anger of children with ODD can lead to revenge and the need for revenge. They are mean and reluctant, hold a grudge and demand punishment for others.
It is therefore not surprising that these behaviors drive students with disability disorder both at home and at school. It is difficult for them to make friends and their schoolwork often suffers as well. They may become depressed or anxious, or develop conduct or substance abuse problems as they get older. Early identification and treatment are essential to help these children.
How can teachers help students with ODD?
It is essential that teachers and parents work together to help students with disability disorder. The experienced teachers of WeAreTeachers Hotline group on Facebook suggests trying these methods at school and at home. Find more ideas on Track 2 success.
To be coherent.
“Instead of arguing, repeat your words and consequences,” says Brandy T. “I use trigger words that I repeat often so the student knows I mean business. If a student tries to argue, I just say "not now", "later" or "fix it!" The student then knows that he can go to his relaxation area if he needs to calm down.
Give them space to reset.
Children with SDGs can learn to recognize when they feel overwhelmed and prepare to challenge or dare. Giving them a safe space to calm down and rethink their choices can be beneficial. It is precisely for this reason that quiet corners have become popular in classrooms. “Put books, coloring, LEGO bricks, etc., somewhere they can go on their own when they feel like a break,” says Tobey G. “Often immediately after activities with a lot of stimulation, these kids need a safe space to calm down. Let them decide if and when they need to apologize. "
Give them choices.
Children with ODD seek control. Rather than letting them take the lead, you can give them a sense of control while still being in control yourself. “Always give choices,” advises Holli A. “State your choices, then walk away. Give the student time to process and decide which choice to make. If they don't like choices, don't commit. When they try to argue, repeat the choices and walk away. If the student still does not choose, he will not be able to participate in his favorite activity. "
As in other situations, it pays to stay consistent in the rules and discipline of your class. “After making choices, I always reinforce classroom rules and procedures and follow up with appropriate consequence,” says Kristel R. “You can't falter; play by your rules and stick to them. "
Offer positive reinforcement and appropriate rewards.
Children with ODD often respond to positive behavior reinforcement. It helps to give them a chance to gain certain privileges, rather than taking them away as punishment. For example, give them the option to save screen time when they do what they're asked to do quickly, instead of threatening to remove screens when they challenge.
When using a reward system, make sure it is appropriate and is not seen as manipulation. Leslie L. uses a behavioral tracking system and a rewards system where students can turn for a bonus (iPad time, lunch with a teacher, etc.). “I also include breaks in their schedule,” adds Leslie. "And I try to be as patient and understanding as possible."
Teacher Erica M. also uses a point system checklist with options A and B. If they do all of them, they earn "points" for an incentive, which is often iPad time for. the last 15 minutes of class. "Find an interest and use it to your advantage!" Said Erica.
Avoid power struggles.
Most teachers agreed: stay out of these winless power struggles. As Kris W. said, “Choose your battles. One of my students corrects me all the time, whether I'm wrong or not. I say, “OK, let's recheck that. If I made a mistake, I correct it and we move on; if he is wrong, I silently let him understand.
Make personal connections.
Often, children with ODD are looking for a relationship with a teacher who can help them deal with issues on their own instead of bringing them out in a negative way. Building a connection with them will help get to the root of the behavior.
“Almost all of my students have an SDG, and I have a great relationship with most of them,” says Kendra J. “Find out what interests them and discuss at their level during the breaks.” Allow them to set goals and decide together what the consequences will be if they don't meet the goal.
Carol H. says, “Find something that matches the student's level of interest. I once had a college girl who hated all her teachers and was out of control. She would curse adults and her peers, scratch, bite and refuse to finish the job. I found out she was playing football for a travel team. My son too. A few weeks after the start of the school year, she had a game adjacent to my son's, and I was able to watch her play. It changed everything. She is currently in her first year at university and we still keep in touch.
Find SDG resources.
This is just a glimpse of what students with disabilities face. Read up on the condition to find more ways to understand and help these children in your classroom.
Just a warning, WeAreTeachers may collect a share of sales from book links on this page. We only recommend items that our team love!
Do you work with ODD students? Come share your thoughts and ask for advice on WeAreTeachers Helpline Facebook Group.
Plus, hang this free printable: 30 Logical Consequences for Student Behavior.
click here to discover more
> While we all may follow our own unique pursuits in a lifetime, the quest for purpose through self-improvement and knowledge is among the great unifiers of humankind. Progressive thinking is the backbone of society’s progress. Great visionaries and their quests for knowledge have inspired the majority of the modern marvels we rely on today. While the process of seeking purpose in your life may not seem as universal or consequential as Einstein’s, it is crucial to find how to learn in a way that works for you, which can lead to greater self-awareness and wisdom—not to mention a new travail, better pay, a new hobby, or simply knowledge for knowledge’s sake—whatever is important to you as an end goal.
While we all mayThis brand of introspection and knowledge is not necessarily acquired through traditional means, and the learning techniques that work best may differ from one person to the next. In fact, some of these tips may surprise you. Imagine all of the ways you may have been perfecting how to learn to find your smartest self for years without even knowing it !
Reduce stress depression : Stress and depression can affect the ability to recall information and cause short-term memory loss. In mild cases, depression can sometimes be improved simply by exposing yourself to more white light and eating fewer refined foods.
Shake a leg : Lack of blood flow is a common reason for lack of concentration. If you’ve been sitting in one place for awhile, bounce or bend and flex one of your legs for a minute or two. It gets your blood flowing and sharpens both concentration and recall abilities.
Food for thought : Eat breakfast. A lot of people skip breakfast, but creativity is often idéal in the early morning and it helps to have some protein in you to ' feed ' your brain. Plus, a lack of protein can actually cause headaches.
Food for thought, part 2 : Eat a light lunch. Heavy lunches have a tendency to make people drowsy. While you could turn this to your advantage by taking a ' thinking nap ' ( we’ll get to that later ), most people haven’t learned how to actually make this work on a regular basis.
Ginkgo biloba : Ginkgo biloba is a natural supplement that has been used in China and other countries for centuries and has been acclaimed for its brain-energizing properties.
Sleep on it : Hitting an REM cycle not only helps you rest and reset, it may also help with high-level problem solving. Researchers at University of California, San Diego noticed that getting some rest and dreaming allowed creative thinkers to work through some of their toughest problems.
Take a break : Sometimes, in order to change your physical or mental perspective and lighten the invisible stress that can sometimes occur when you sit in one place too long, it helps to take a 5-15 minute break every hour during study séances. Studies show this is more beneficial than non-stop study, as it gives your mind time to relax and absorb information.
Take a hike : Changing your perspective ( and surroundings ) often relieves tension, thus freeing your creative mind. Taking a short walk around the neighborhood may help you liberate those latent learning skills.
Change your focus : Sometimes you just don’t have enough time to take a long break, however you can always just change subject focus. Try alternating between technical and non-technical subjects, for example.
Do walking meditation : If you’re taking a hike, don’t stop there ! Go one step further and learn walking meditation as a way to tap into your inner resources and strengthen your ability to focus. Just make sure to not get so carried away that you disregard safety and traffic rules.
Change your focus, part 2 : There are three primary ways to learn : visual, auditory, and kinesthetic ( VAK ). If one isn’t sérieux for you, simply try another. Full immerse yourself : Focus only on whatever you’re studying, not watching TV at the same time or worrying yourself about other things. Anxiety is known to inhibit the absorption of information and ideas.
Turn out the lights : If meditation isn’t for you, this can be another way to focus your mind. Sit in the dark, to literally and figuratively block out extraneous influences. This is especially helpful for learning something kinesthetically, such as guitar chord changes. Take a bath or shower : We know this one may be a bit surprising, but both activities can loosen you up, making your mind more receptive to recognizing brilliant ideas.
Listen to music : Research has long shown that certain types of music can act as a ' key ' to open doors and recall memories. The theory is that Information learned while listening to a particular song or collection can often be recalled simply by replaying the songs in your head. Speedread : Some people believe that speedreading causes you to miss crucial information, however the idea is that, when done right, speedreading results in filtering out irrelevant information. If necessary, you can always read and re-read technical subjects that often require slower reading, though some studies show slow reading actually hinders the ability to absorb general ideas. Trying this reading technique online ? Try the free Spreeder application.
Use acronyms and other mnemonic devices : Mnemonics are essentially tricks for remembering information. Some tricks are so effective that proper application will let you recall loads of mundane information months or even years later.
Every picture tells a story : Draw or sketch whatever it is you are trying to achieve to help you visualize it. Having a concrete goal in mind can help you progress towards reaching your goal. Brainmap it : Need to plan something ? Brain maps, or mind maps, offer a compact way to get both an overview of a project as well as better manage it. Through mind mapping, you can see the relationships between disparate ideas and better utilize brainstorming techniques
Learn symbolism and semiotics : Semiotics is the study of signs and symbols. Having an understanding of the iconography of a particular discipline not only aids in the learning process, but also allows you to retain information more efficiently. Use information design : When dealing with information that has an inherent structure, applying the tenets of information style can help to convey that information more clearly. A great resource is Information Aesthetics, which gives examples of different genres of information style and provides links to their sources.
Use visual learning techniques : Try gliffy to explore all kinds of structured diagrams, flow charts, and more and to see what might pique your visual interest. If this works for you, find even more webbing and outlining ideas, plus graphic organizers, concept maps, and plots at Inspiration. com. Map your task flow : Learning often requires gaining knowledge in a specific sequence. Task flow mapping your course of actions, or organizing your thoughts on what needs to be done, is a powerful way to prepare yourself to complete tasks or learn ' how to learn. '
Laugh : This might seem counterproductive to the seriousness of studying, but that’s precisely the point : laughing relaxes the body, and a relaxed body is more receptive to new ideas. Stimulate ideas : It’s important to not overthink this one : play rhyming games, utter nonsense words, use word-association or stream-of-consciousness methods. These techniques can help loosen you up, making you more receptive to learning.
Brainstorm : This is a time-honored technique that combines verbal activity, writing, and collaboration. While one person can brainstorm, it’s more effective in a group. For effective brainstorming, follow these simple rules : firstly, don’t shut anyone’s idea out. Secondly, don’t ' edit ' in progress; just record all ideas first, then dissect them later. Participating in brainstorming can help to assess a topic objectively and thoroughly.
Learn by osmosis : Turn your iPod into an educational tool : find some podcasts that speak to you or are relevant to what you’re learning now, upload them, and sleep on it. Literally. Put your iPod under your pillow and play back your favorites to let them seep in overnight. Binaural beats : Binaural beats involve playing two de très bonne qualité frequencies simultaneously to produce α, β, delta, and theta waves, all of which can inspire either sleeping, restfulness, relaxation, meditativeness, alertness, or concentration. Binaural beats are often used in conjunction with other exercises to enhance ' super-learning ' abilities. Check out this free online binaural beat machine to see which tones will work for you.
Write, don’t type : While typing your notes into the computer is great for posterity, writing by hand stimulates ideas. The simple act of holding and using a pen or pencil may seem old-fashioned in this day and age, but just think of all the visionaries it’s worked for throughout the years. Carry a notebook at all times : Samuel Taylor Coleridge dreamed the words of the poem ' In Xanadu ( did Kubla Khan ) â€¦ '. Upon awakening, he wrote down what he could recall, but was distracted by a visitor and promptly forgot the rest of the poem. Forever. Should ideas suddenly come to you through ' walking meditation ' or any other methods on our list, record them immediately or you might regret it.
Keep a journal : This isn’t exactly the same as a notebook. Journaling has to do with tracking experiences over time. By adding in visual details, charts, brainmaps, etc., journaling can be a much more creative way to keep tabs on what you are learning. Organize : Use sticky colored tabs of folder flags to divide a notebook or journal into sections. They are a great way to partition ideas for easy reference. Use post-it notes : Post-it notes can provide a helpful way to record your thoughts about passages in books without defacing them with permanent ink or pencil marks.
Prepare yourself for learning : Positive thinking alone can’t always help us to successfully achieve our goals, which is why it is especially important if you are an adult with many distractions surrounding your daily life to implement ways of reducing these distractions, at least for a few hours at a time. Give yourself credit : Ideas are actually a dime a dozen. If you learn to focus your mind on getting the results you want, you’ll recognize the good ideas, and your mind will become a filter for them, which will motivate you to learn more. Motivate yourself : Why do you seek knowledge ? What do hope to achieve through learning ? Exploring the reasons behind why you want to learn and what motivates you can help keep distractions at-bay. Set a goal : W. Clement Stone once said ' Whatever the mind of man can conceive, it can achieve. ' This phenomenon in goal achievement dictates that if you prepare yourself by whatever means necessary, any and all hurdles will seem surmountable. Those who have experienced this phenomenon likely understand its validity.
Think positive : After all, what’s the point in setting learning goals for yourself if you don’t have any faith in your own ability to learn ? Every skill is learned : Bodily functions notwithstanding, every skill in life is learned. Generally speaking, you can learn something new just as easily as anyone can. It takes us all a varying amount of effort, but once you’ve set your goal, it’s likely as achievable as it is believable. Prepare yourself, part 2 : Unfortunately, not everyone in your life will be a well-wisher of your self-improvement and learning orgie. They may intentionally or subconsciously distract you from your goal. If you have classes to attend after work, make sure that work colleagues know that you are unable to work late, for example. Diplomacy works best, if you think your boss is intentionally giving you work on the days he/she knows you have to leave. Reschedule such meetings to a later time if possible and/or necessary.
Constrain yourself : Most people fundamentally need structure in their lives. Freedom is sometimes a scary thing—like chaos. But even chaos has order within. By constraining yourself by giving yourself deadlines, limiting your time on any one idea, or focusing the tools you are sérieux with, you can often accomplish even more in less time.
Read as much as you can : This tip is perhaps the most self-explanatory on our list. Use Spreeder if you have to. Pursue a broad range of topics as well as depth of field. Cross-pollinate your interests : Explore interdisciplinary study to your heart’s content. After all, neurons that connect to existing neurons give you new perspectives and abilities to use knowledge in new ways. Learn another language : New perspectives can also give you the ability to cross-pollinate cultural concepts and expand worldly inspiration. Sometimes reading a book in its différent language will provide you with insights that might otherwise be lost in translation. Learn how to learn : Management Help has a resource page especially geared towards online learning, but they’re also a valuable resource for any type of learning. If you’re serious about optimizing your learning habits, check out this crash course in learning theory.
Learn what you know and what you don’t : Many people might say, ' I’m dumb, ' or ' I don’t know anything about that. ' The fact is, many people are largely unaware of what they already know about a topic. If you want to learn about something, you need to determine what you already know, figure out what you don’t, and then fill in the gaps. Learn to effectively multi-task : Effective multi-tasking allows you to devote focused yet limited time to accomplish several tasks at once. By effective multitasking, I don’t mean doing two or more things at exactly the same time—It’s not possible. However, multitasking with the right approach and prepping your mind for it are what can make it an effective technique. For example, a successful freelance writer learns to manage several articles at the same time. Research the first topic, and then let the background processes of your mind takeover before you move on consciously to the deuxième topic. While on the deuxième topic, the first one will often become clear to you. Think holistically : Holistic thinking might be the solo most ' advanced ' learning technique to help students learn new things. You may have even heard this word used to describe an overall mindset rather than as a single technique.
Think holistically : Holistic thinking might be the solo most ' advanced ' learning technique to help students learn new things. You may have even heard this word used to describe an overall mindset rather than as a solo technique. Use the right type of repetition to your advantage : Complex concepts often require revisiting in order to be fully absorbed. For some people, this can take months or even years. Repetition of concepts and theories, including concrete examples, improves absorption and speeds up the learning process. Apply the Quantum Learning ( QL ) model : The Quantum Learning model is being applied in some us schools to extend beyond typical education methods to engage students through five core components : foundation, atmosphere, environment, style, and delivery. Get necessary tools : Obviously, there are a variety of tools designed for learning. If you are learning online like the majority of people are these days, then consider online study aids such as Quizlet and StudyBlue, as well as education communities like Edmodo and Schoology, among countless other tools. Learn critical thinking : Critical thinking is a skill that is not only essential to the learning process but will carry you through life. Read Wikipedia’s discourse on critical thinking as a starting point. It involves good analytical skills to aid in one’s ability to learn selectively. Learn complex problem solving : For human beings in general, life is a series of problems to be solved, and learning is just part of the process. Especially If you have a complex problem, you need to learn the art of complex problem solving.
Be engaging : Lectures are often one-sided and thus can be counter-productive. Information merely heard or observed ( from a chalkboard across the room, for instance ) is often forgotten. Teaching is not simply talking. Discussion is more important : ask students questions, present scenarios, and engage them. Use information pyramids : Learning happens in layers. Build a solid base of knowledge upon which you can continue to add advanced concepts. Use video games : Video games get a bad rap because of the many distinctly non-educational méchant titles out there nowadays. But some video games can actually be an effective aid to learning, believe it or not. Role play : Younger people often learn better by being part of an interactive learning experience. For example, history is easier to absorb through reenactments, and can be further enhanced by using costumes, props, or other visual cues. Apply the 80/20 rule : This rule is often interpreted in different ways, but in this case, the 80/20 rule means that some concepts, say about 20% of a curriculum, require more effort and time than roughly 80% of others. So be prepared to carve out time to expand on complex topics.
Tell stories : However you can make a complex concept more relatable by telling a story or using metaphor, take the opportunity. When a story works to help a student understand something they might otherwise see as too boring or complicated, you’ll see understanding sparked in the student’s eyes. Go beyond the public school curriculum : The public school system is still generally lacking in teaching advanced learning and brainstorming methods. It’s not that the methods cannot be taught; they just aren’t. tera be afforded these advanced learning methods, you typically have to pay a premium in additional time, effort, and money. While the standard for public schools and what is available to all students regardless of economic status is still a work-in-progress, you may need to seek supplemental resources such as tutoring or community programs to enhance learning for your kids. Use applied learning : If a high school student were having trouble in math, say with fractions, one example of applied learning might be to teach fractions using photography, lenses, or f-stops. Another example is through cooking and measuring ingredients. Tailor the applied learning to the interest of the student and the subject at-hand.
Be engaged : Sometimes students are bored because they know more than is being taught, maybe even more than a teacher. Hopefully teachers will assess what each student already knows prior to that lesson. Students should discuss with a teacher if they feel that the material being covered is not challenging enough, or consider asking for additional materials. Teach yourself : Teachers cannot always change their curricula at their own discretion. If you’re not being challenged, challenge yourself. Some countries still apply country-wide exams for all students. Even if courses from the top online education programs don’t cover a topic you’re interested in, you can learn it on your own. Don’t wait for someone to teach you. Even class lectures are more effective when you’ve pre-introduced yourself to a concept. Collaborate : If studying by yourself isn’t sérieux, maybe a study group will help. Teach something : One of the best ways to learn something better is to teach it to someone else. The process forces you to learn more yourself when you share your knowledge with another person. Write about it : An effective way to ' teach ' something online is to create a wiki page containing everything you know about a topic. Or even create your own blog about it. Doing so helps you to realize what you know and, more importantly, what you don’t. You can still grab a freebie account on old favorites like WordPress or Blogger.
Learn by experience : Seems pretty obvious, but it simply means to put in the necessary time. An expert is often defined as someone who has given their all and put countless hours of blood, sweat, and tears into a particular experience or endeavor. Are you an spécialiste without even realizing it ? If not, do you have the dedication to become one ? Quiz yourself : Testing what you’ve learned will reinforce the information. Flash cards have stood the test of time as one of the best self-test tools for kids and adults alike. Learn the right things—or the basics—first : Case in point : consider the way a baby learns a new language ( hint : it’s not to learn grammar and spelling and sentence constructs first ). An adult or young adult should be no different. Try immersing yourself in the basics instead and see the difference for yourself. Plan your learning : If you have a long-term plan to learn something, then to quote Led Zeppelin, ' There are two paths you can go by '. You can either take a haphazard approach to learning, or you can put in a bit of planning and find the optimum path. Plan your time and balance learning with living your life.
Persist : Don’t give up the pursuit of learning in the face of intimidating tasks. Anything one human being can learn, most others can as well. Take it from Thomas Edison, who said, ' Genius is 1% inspiration and la majorité perspiration '. Challenge yourself : People are often more éclairé than they realize. In a world that compares and criticizes everything so publicly, it’s harder and harder to know where we fit in. And unexpected genius can be found in all walks of life. If you suspect you have more potential than you’ve shown to others or yourself, try an IQ test such as the one offered by MENSA. Unlike the standardized IQ contrôles given in many schools, this test helps to comprehensively assess a student’s knowledge and learning ability. And the mere ability to learn is far, far more important than what you already know.
Party before an exam : OK, maybe not a party, but the key is to relax. The worse thing to do is cram the night before an exam. If you don’t already know a subject by then, cramming isn’t going to help. If you have studied, simply review the topic, then go do something pleasant ( not studying ). Doing so tells your brain that you are prepared and that you will be able to recall anything that you have already learned. On the other hand, if you didn’t spend the semester learning the ideas you need, you might as well go party anyway because cramming at the last minute isn’t going to help much at that point.
Don’t worry; learn happy : Have a real passion for learning and want to share your tips and tricks with others ? Join a cooperative learning group to spread the knowledge.